I married in 2017. Since then i am publishing as Robert Guggenberger. You can also visit my publication profiles at GoogleScholar.


Guggenberger, R. (2023). Zur Einhaltung moralischer Regeln unter nicht-identischen Bedingungen. In »Ich lehne mich jetzt mal ganz konkret aus dem Fenster: (…)«: Eine Festschrift für Thomas Potthast (S. 467–474). Tübingen Library Publishing. url

Scherer, M., Wang, T., Guggenberger, R., Milosevic, L., & Gharabaghi, A. (2023). Direct modulation index: A measure of phase amplitude coupling for neurophysiology data. Human Brain Mapping, 44(5), 1862–1867. doi

Keute, M., Gebühr, J.-S., Guggenberger, R., Trunk, B. H., & Gharabaghi, A. (2023). Phase-specific stimulation reveals consistent sinusoidal modulation of human corticospinal excitability along the oscillatory beta cycle [Preprint]. Neuroscience. doi

Guggenberger, R., Gebühr, J.-S., Keute, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2023). Phase-specific stimulation of the human brain with real-time measurement instead of prediction [Preprint]. Neuroscience. doi

Kern, K., Vukelić, M., Guggenberger, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2023). Oscillatory neurofeedback networks and poststroke rehabilitative potential in severely impaired stroke patients. NeuroImage: Clinical, 37, 103289. doi


Scherer, M., Wang, T., Guggenberger, R., Milosevic, L., & Gharabaghi, A. (2022). FiNN: A toolbox for neurophysiological network analysis. Network Neuroscience, 6(4), 1205–1218. doi

Guggenberger, R., Trunk, B. H., Canbolat, S., Ziegler, L., & Gharabaghi, A. (2022). Evaluation of signal analysis algorithms for ipsilateral motor-evoked potentials induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of Neural Engineering, 19(3), 036032. doi


Machetanz, K., Berelidze, L., Guggenberger, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2021). Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation and heart rate variability: Analysis of parameters and targets. Autonomic Neuroscience, 236, 102894. doi

Guggenberger, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2021). Comb filters for the removal of transcranial current stimulation artifacts from single channel EEG recordings. Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, 7(2), 383–386. doi

Arendsen, L. J., Guggenberger, R., Zimmer, M., Weigl, T., & Gharabaghi, A. (2021). Peripheral Electrical Stimulation Modulates Cortical Beta-Band Activity. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 15, 632234. doi

Machetanz, K., Berelidze, L., Guggenberger, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2021). Brain–Heart Interaction During Transcutaneous Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 15, 632697. doi

Keute, M., Machetanz, K., Berelidze, L., Guggenberger, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2021). Neuro-cardiac coupling predicts transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation effects. Brain Stimulation, 14(2), 209–216. doi


Guggenberger, R., Raco, V., & Gharabaghi, A. (2020). State-Dependent Gain Modulation of Spinal Motor Output. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 8, 1184.doi

Guggenberger, R., Heringhaus, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2020). Brain-Machine Neurofeedback: Robotics or Electrical Stimulation? Front. Bioeng. Biotech., 8: 639. doi

Milosevic, L., Scherer, M., Cebi, I., Guggenberger, R., Machetanz, K., Naros, G., Weiss, D., & Gharabaghi, A. (2020). Online Mapping with the Deep Brain Stimulation Lead: A Novel Targeting Tool in Parkinson’s Disease. Movement Disorders, mds.28093. doi

Scherer, M., Milosevic, L., Guggenberger, R., Maus, V., Naros, G., Grimm, F., Bucurenciu, I., Steinhoff, B. J., Weber, Y. G., Lerche, H., Weiss, D., Rona, S., & Gharabaghi, A. (2020). Desynchronization of temporal lobe theta-band activity during effective anterior thalamus deep brain stimulation in epilepsy. NeuroImage, 218: 116967. doi


Scherer, M., Milosevic, L., Guggenberger, R., Volker, M., Naros, G., Grimm, F., … & Weiss, D. (2019). FV 25 Cortical α-activity identifies responders to anterior thalamic deep brain stimulation for epilepsy. Clinical Neurophysiology, 130(8), e133-e134

Scherer, M., Milosevic, L., Guggenberger, R., Malekmohammadi, A., Naros, G., Weiss, D., & Gharabaghi, A. (2019). Online determination of the STN “sweet spot” based on beta-power measured with directional macro-contacts of the final DBS lead: 2074. Movement Disorders, 34.

Ros, T., Enriquez-Geppert, S., Zotev, V., Young, K., Wood, G., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., …, Guggenberger, R, …, Thibault, R. T. (2019, January 23). Consensus on the reporting and experimental design of clinical and cognitive-behavioural neurofeedback studies (CRED-nf checklist). Brain, 143(6): 1674-1685 doi

Vukelić, M., Belardinelli, P., Guggenberger, R., Royter, V., Gharabaghi, A. (2019). Different oscillatory entrainment of cortical networks during motor imagery and neurofeedback in right and left handers. NeuroImage, 195: 190-202 doi


Guggenberger, R., Scherer, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2018). Risks in signal processing pipelines influencing the estimation of phase dependency for EEG-TMS. BioRxiv. doi

Guggenberger, R., Kraus, D., Naros, G., Leão, M. T., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2018).Extended enhancement of corticospinal connectivity with concurrent cortical and peripheral stimulation controlled by sensorimotor desynchronization. Brain Stimulation, 11(6), 1331–1335. doi

Kraus, D., Naros, G.,Guggenberger, R., Teresa Leão, M., Ziemann, U., and Gharabaghi, A. (2018): Recruitment of additional corticospinal pathways in the human brain with state-dependent paired associative stimulation. J Neurosci, 38(6):1396-1407 doi

Lakens, D., Adolfi, F. G., Albers, C. J., Anvari, F., Apps, M. A. J., Argamon, S. E., …, Guggenberger, R., …, Zwaan, R. A. (2018). Justify your alpha. Nature Human Behaviour, 2 (3), 168–171. doi


Guggenberger R. (2017): ARtACS: Artifact Removal for transcranial alternating current stimulation. First release link

Raco, V., Bauer, R., Norim, S., & Gharabaghi, A. (2017): Cumulative effects of single TMS pulses during beta-tACS are stimulation intensity-dependent. Brrain Stimulation, 10(6): 1055-1060 doi

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2017): Constraints and Adaptation of Closed-Loop Neuroprosthetics for Functional Restoration. Front. Neurosci., 11(111) doi

Mathew, J., Kübler A., Bauer, R., Gharabaghi, A. (2016): Probing Corticospinal Recruitment Patterns and Functional Synergies with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Front. Cell. Neurosci., 10(175) doi

Bauer, R., Vukelić M., Gharabaghi. A. (2016): What Is the Optimal Task Difficulty for Reinforcement Learning of Brain Self-Regulation Clin Neurophysiol, 127(9): 3033-304 doi

Bauer, R., Fels M., Royter V., Raco, V., Gharabaghi, A. (2016): Closed Loop Adaptation of Neurofeedback Based on Mental Effort Facilitates Reinforcement Learning of Brain Self-Regulation Clin Neurophysiol, 127(9): 3156-3164 doi

Raco, V., Bauer, R., Tharsan, S., & Gharabaghi., A. (2016): Combining TMS and tACS for Closed-Loop Phase-Dependent Modulation of Corticospinal Excitability: A Feasibility Study. Front. Cell. Neurosci., 10 (143) doi

Kraus, D., Naros, G., Bauer, R., Khademi, F., Leão, M. T., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2016). Brain State-Dependent Transcranial Magnetic Closed-Loop Stimulation Controlled by Sensorimotor Desynchronization Induces Robust Increase of Corticospinal Excitability. Brain Stimulation, 9( 3): 415-424 doi

Kraus D., Naros G., Bauer R., Leão MT, Ziemann U., Gharabaghi A. (2016): Brain-robot interface driven plasticity: Distributed modulation of corticospinal excitability.  NeuroImage, 125: 522-532 doi


Brauchle, D., Vukelić, M., Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015). Brain state-dependent robotic reaching movement with a multi-joint arm exoskeleton: combining brain-machine interfacing and robotic rehabilitation. Front. Hum. Neurosci., 9(564) doi

Fels, M., Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015). Predicting workload profiles of brain–robot interface and electromygraphic neurofeedback with cortical resting-state networks: personal trait or task-specific challenge?  J. Neural Eng., 12(4): 046029 doi

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015a). Estimating cognitive load during self-regulation of brain activity and neurofeedback with therapeutic brain-computer interfaces. Front. Behav. Neurosci., 9(21) doi

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015b). Reinforcement learning for adaptive threshold control of restorative brain-computer interfaces: a Bayesian simulation. Front. Neurosci., 9(36) doi


Bauer, R., Fels, M., Vukelić, M., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Bridging the gap between motor imagery and motor execution with a brain-robot interface.  NeuroImage, 108: 319-327 doi

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Ethics of Functional Neurosurgery. In J. Clausen & N. Levy (Eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics doi

Vukelić, M., Bauer, R., Naros, G., Naros, I., Braun, C., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Lateralized alpha-band cortical networks regulate volitional modulation of beta-band sensorimotor oscillations. NeuroImage, 87 (15): 147-153 doi

Raco, V., Bauer, R., Olenik, M., Brkic, D., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Neurosensory effects of transcranial alternating current stimulation. Brain Stimulation 7(6) doi

Naros, G., Grimm, F., Kraus, D.,Brauchle, D., Royter, V., Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Implementation of a Brain-Computer Interface based training environment for functional restoration of patients with severe upper-limb paresis. doi


Bauer, R. (2013a). Sucht zwischen Krankheit und Willensschwäche. Tübingen.

Bauer, R. (2013b). Tiefe Hirnstimulation bei Abhängigkeit – Behandlung oder Unterstützung? In Therapie und Person: ethische und anthropologische Aspekte der tiefen Hirnstimulation (pp. 173–196). Münster.


Bauer, R., Leefman, J., Krautter, J., & Gharabaghi, A. (2012). Authentisches Gefühlsleben und Tiefe Hirnstimulation bei psychiatrischen Störungen. In D. Mieth & G. Fürst (Eds.), Entgrenzung des Menschseins? : eine christliche Antwort auf die Perfektionierung des Menschen. Paderborn


Kuhn, J., Gründler, T. O. J., Bauer, R., Huff, W., Fischer, A. G., Lenartz, D., … Sturm, V. (2011). Successful deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens in severe alcohol dependence is associated with changed performance monitoring. Addiction Biology, 16: 620-623 doi

Schleidgen, S., Jungert, M., Bauer, R., & Sandow, V. (2011). Human nature and self design: Münster.

Leefman, J., Krautter, J., Bauer, R., Tatagiba, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2011). Die Authentizität modulierter Emotionen bei der Tiefen  Hirnstimulation. In L. Kovács (Ed.), Darwin und die Bioethik Eve-Marie Engels zum 60. Geburtstag: Freiburg.


Bauer, R., Eppler, N., & Wolf, J. (2009). Implications of Understandings of Addiction: An Introductory Overview. In C. Hoffstadt & R. Bernasconi (Eds.), On the edge of addiction (pp. 13–30). Freiburg.

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2009). Neuroprothesen zur Modulation von Emotion und Motivation. In E.-M. Engels, (Ed.), Der implantierte Mensch : Therapie und Enhancement im Gehirn: Freiburg.

Kuhn, J., Bauer, R., Pohl, S., Lenartz, D., Huff, W., Kim, E. H., … Sturm, V. (2009). Observations on unaided smoking cessation after deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens. Eur Addict Res, 15: 196–201 doi

Schleidgen, S., Jungert, M. C., & Bauer, R. (2009). Mission: Impossible? On Empirical-Normative Collaboration in Ethical Reasoning. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 13: 59–71 doi


Bauer, R., Pohl, S., Klosterkötter, J., & Kuhn, J. (2008). [Deep brain stimulation in the context of addiction–a literature-based systematic evaluation]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr, 76(7): 396-401 doi


Bauer, R., & Schreib, A. (2007). Pädagogische Identität(en). In M. Rapold (Ed.), Pädagogische Identität, Netzwerke und Verbandsarbeit (pp. 67–80). Hohengehren

  • shared first authorship