I married in 2017. Since then i am publishing as Robert Guggenberger.

You can also visit my publication profiles at GoogleScholar.


Guggenberger, R., Scherer, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2018). Risks in signal processing pipelines influencing the estimation of phase dependency for EEG-TMS. BioRxiv. doi download

Guggenberger, R., Kraus, D., Naros, G., Leão, M. T., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2018). Extended enhancement of corticospinal connectivity with concurrent cortical and peripheral stimulation controlled by sensorimotor desynchronization. Brain Stimulation, 11(6), 1331–1335. doi

Kraus, D., Naros, G.,Guggenberger, R., Teresa Leão, M., Ziemann, U., and Gharabaghi, A. (2018): Recruitment of additional corticospinal pathways in the human brain with state-dependent paired associative stimulation. doi

Lakens, D., Adolfi, F. G., Albers, C. J., Anvari, F., Apps, M. A. J., Argamon, S. E., …, Guggenberger, R.,…, Zwaan, R. A. (2018). Justify your alpha. Nature Human Behaviour, 2(3), 168–171. doi download


Guggenberger R. (2017): ARtACS: Artifact Removal for transcranial alternating current stimulation. First release link

Raco, V., Bauer, R., Norim, S., & Gharabaghi, A. (2017): Cumulative effects of single TMS pulses during beta-tACS are stimulation intensity-dependent.  doi download

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2017): Constraints and Adaptation of Closed-Loop Neuroprosthetics for Functional Restoration. doi download


Mathew, J., Kübler A., Bauer, R., Gharabaghi, A. (2016): Probing Corticospinal Recruitment Patterns and Functional Synergies with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.”  doi download

Bauer, R., Vukelić M., Gharabaghi. A. (2016): What Is the Optimal Task Difficulty for Reinforcement Learning of Brain Self-Regulation? doi download

Bauer, R., Fels M., Royter V., Raco, V., Gharabaghi, A. (2016): Closed-Loop Adaptation of Neurofeedback Based on Mental Effort Facilitates Reinforcement Learning of Brain Self-Regulation.”  doi download

Raco, V., Bauer, R., Tharsan, S., & Gharabaghi., A. (2016): Combining TMS and tACS for Closed-Loop Phase-Dependent Modulation of Corticospinal Excitability: A Feasibility Study. doi download

Kraus, D., Naros, G., Bauer, R., Khademi, F., Leão, M. T., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2016). Brain State-Dependent Transcranial Magnetic Closed-Loop Stimulation Controlled by Sensorimotor Desynchronization Induces Robust Increase of Corticospinal Excitability. doi download

Kraus D., Naros G., Bauer R., Leão MT, Ziemann U., Gharabaghi A. (2016): Brain-robot interface driven plasticity: Distributed modulation of corticospinal excitability.  doi download


Brauchle, D.*, Vukelić, M.*, Bauer, R.*, & Gharabaghi, A. (2015). Brain state-dependent robotic reaching movement with a multi-joint arm exoskeleton: combining brain-machine interfacing and robotic rehabilitation. doi download

Fels, M.*, Bauer, R.*, & Gharabaghi, A. (2015). Predicting workload profiles of brain–robot interface and electromygraphic neurofeedback with cortical resting-state networks: personal trait or task-specific challenge? doi download

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015a). Estimating cognitive load during self-regulation of brain activity and neurofeedback with therapeutic brain-computer interfaces. doi download

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2015b). Reinforcement learning for adaptive threshold control of restorative brain-computer interfaces: a Bayesian simulation. doi download


Bauer, R., Fels, M., Vukelić, M., Ziemann, U., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Bridging the gap between motor imagery and motor execution with a brain-robot interface.  doi download

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Ethics of Functional Neurosurgery. In J. Clausen & N. Levy (Eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics doi download

Vukelić, M.*, Bauer, R.*, Naros, G., Naros, I., Braun, C., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Lateralized alpha-band cortical networks regulate volitional modulation of beta-band sensorimotor oscillations. doi   download

Raco, V.*, Bauer, R., Olenik, M., Brkic, D., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Neurosensory effects of transcranial alternating current stimulation.  doi download

Naros, G., Grimm, F., Kraus, D.,Brauchle, D., Royter, V., Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2014). Implementation of a Brain-Computer Interface based training environment for functional restoration of patients with severe upper-limb paresis. doi download


Bauer, R. (2013a). Sucht zwischen Krankheit und Willensschwäche. Tübingen. download

Bauer, R. (2013b). Tiefe Hirnstimulation bei Abhängigkeit – Behandlung oder Unterstützung? In Therapie und Person: ethische und anthropologische Aspekte der tiefen Hirnstimulation (pp. 173–196). Münster. download


Bauer, R., Leefman, J., Krautter, J., & Gharabaghi, A. (2012). Authentisches Gefühlsleben und Tiefe Hirnstimulation bei psychiatrischen Störungen. In D. Mieth & G. Fürst (Eds.), Entgrenzung des Menschseins? : eine christliche Antwort auf die Perfektionierung des Menschen. Paderborn download


Kuhn, J., Gründler, T. O. J., Bauer, R., Huff, W., Fischer, A. G., Lenartz, D., … Sturm, V. (2011). Successful deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens in severe alcohol dependence is associated with changed performance monitoring. doi download

Schleidgen, S., Jungert, M., Bauer, R., & Sandow, V. (2011). Human nature and self design: Münster.

Leefman, J., Krautter, J., Bauer, R., Tatagiba, M., & Gharabaghi, A. (2011). Die Authentizität modulierter Emotionen bei der Tiefen  Hirnstimulation. In L. Kovács (Ed.), Darwin und die Bioethik Eve-Marie Engels zum 60. Geburtstag: Freiburg. download


Bauer, R., Eppler, N., & Wolf, J. (2009). Implications of Understandings of Addiction: An Introductory Overview. In C. Hoffstadt & R. Bernasconi (Eds.), On the edge of addiction (pp. 13–30). Freiburg. download

Bauer, R., & Gharabaghi, A. (2009). Neuroprothesen zur Modulation von Emotion und Motivation. In E.-M. Engels, (Ed.), Der implantierte Mensch : Therapie und Enhancement im Gehirn: Freiburg. download

Kuhn, J., Bauer, R., Pohl, S., Lenartz, D., Huff, W., Kim, E. H., … Sturm, V. (2009). Observations on unaided smoking cessation after deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens.  doi download

Schleidgen, S., Jungert, M. C., & Bauer, R. (2009). Mission: Impossible? On Empirical-Normative Collaboration in Ethical Reasoning. doi download


Bauer, R., Pohl, S., Klosterkötter, J., & Kuhn, J. (2008). [Deep brain stimulation in the context of addiction–a literature-based systematic evaluation]. doi download


Bauer, R., & Schreib, A. (2007). Pädagogische Identität(en). In M. Rapold (Ed.), Pädagogische Identität, Netzwerke und Verbandsarbeit (pp. 67–80). Hohengehren

  • shared first authorship